Indian Elections

India is the largest democratic country in the world, the people of India elect their representatives every five years by participating in the Assembly / Lok Sabha elections. For the Chunavri process, the Election Commission of India is the apex and powerful body that conducts the elections. The electoral process has become much easier due to the use of electronic voting machines (EVMs) for this election process.

The Parliament of India has 2 Houses: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha: Members of the Lok Sabha elect the Prime Minister of the country.

Rajya Sabha: Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament. The total strength of Rajya Sabha is 245 members and the term of each member is 6 years. The Rajya Sabha is for the representation of the states in the Parliament and the Rajya Sabha MPs are elected by the members of the electoral college of the respective State Legislatures / Union Territories.

Politician Profile

Latika Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Gian Chand Gupta

Bhartiya Janta Party

Nayab Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Anil Vij

Bhartiya Janta Party

Aseem Goel

Bhartiya Janta Party

Santosh Chauhan Sarwan

Bhartiya Janta Party

Balwant Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Kanwar Pal

Bhartiya Janta Party

Ghanshyam Dass

Bhartiya Janta Party

Shyam Singh Rana

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dr. Pawan Saini

Bhartiya Janta Party

Krishan Bedi

Bhartiya Janta Party

Subhash Sudha

Bhartiya Janta Party

Jai Bhagwan Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Kulwant Bazigar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dharampal Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Rao Surendra Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Randhir Singh Gollen

Bhartiya Janta Party

Bhagwan Das Kabirpanthi

Bhartiya Janta Party

Karan Dev Kamboj

Bhartiya Janta Party

Manohar Lal Khattar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Harvindar Kalyan

Bhartiya Janta Party

Bakhshish Singh Virk

Bhartiya Janta Party

Mahipal Dhanda

Bhartiya Janta Party

Rohita Rewri

Bhartiya Janta Party

Krishan Lal Panwar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Shashi Kant Kaushik

Bhartiya Janta Party

Jitendra Malik

Bhartiya Janta Party

KRISHNA GAHLAWAT

Bhartiya Janta Party

Kuldeep Kakran

Bhartiya Janta Party

Kavita Jain

Bhartiya Janta Party

Ram Chander Jangra

Bhartiya Janta Party

Baljeet Singh Malik (Dada)

Bhartiya Janta Party

Sanjeev Chairman

Bhartiya Janta Party

Vandana Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Surendra Barwala

Bhartiya Janta Party

Premlata Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Santosh Danoda

Bhartiya Janta Party

Subhash Chander Barala

Bhartiya Janta Party

Swatantra Baala

Bhartiya Janta Party

Sunita Duggal

Bhartiya Janta Party

Rajender Singh Desujodha

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dev Kumar Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Jagdish Nehra

Bhartiya Janta Party

Sunita Setiya

Bhartiya Janta Party

Pawan Beniwal

Bhartiya Janta Party

Karan Singh Ranolia

Bhartiya Janta Party

Seema Gabipur

Bhartiya Janta Party

Captain Abhimanyu

Bhartiya Janta Party

Prop. Chhatrapal Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dr. Kamal Gupta

Bhartiya Janta Party

Master Hari Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

JAI PARKASH DALAL

Bhartiya Janta Party

Sukhvinder Shyoran

Bhartiya Janta Party

Somveer Sangwan

Bhartiya Janta Party

Gunpal Singh Chairman

Bhartiya Janta Party

Vishambhar Balmiki

Bhartiya Janta Party

Shamasher Singh Kharkhara

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dharamvir Hooda

Bhartiya Janta Party

Manish Kumar Grover

Bhartiya Janta Party

Ramavtar Balmiki

Bhartiya Janta Party

Naresh Kaushik

Bhartiya Janta Party

Om Parkash Dhankar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dariyav Singh Rajoura

Bhartiya Janta Party

Vikram Kadiyan

Bhartiya Janta Party

Santosh Yadav

Bhartiya Janta Party

Ram Bilas Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Om Prakash Yadav

Bhartiya Janta Party

Abhe Singh Yadav

Bhartiya Janta Party

Dr. Banwari Lal

Bhartiya Janta Party

Bikram Singh Yadav

Bhartiya Janta Party

Randhir Singh Kapriwas

Bhartiya Janta Party

Bimla

Bhartiya Janta Party

Narbir Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Umesh Aggarwal

Bhartiya Janta Party

Tejpal Tanwar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Sanjay Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Alam Mundal

Bhartiya Janta Party

Harsh Kumar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Ram Ratan

Bhartiya Janta Party

Deepak Mangla

Bhartiya Janta Party

Nayan Pal Rawat

Bhartiya Janta Party

Yashvir Singh

Bhartiya Janta Party

Seema Trikha

Bhartiya Janta Party

Mool Chand Sharma

Bhartiya Janta Party

Vipul Goel

Bhartiya Janta Party

Rajesh Nagar

Bhartiya Janta Party

Manvir Kaur

Indian National Congress

Devender Kumar Bansal

Indian National Congress

Ram Kishan

Indian National Congress

Nirmal Singh

Indian National Congress

Himat Parkash Singh

Indian National Congress

Varun

Indian National Congress

Rajpal Bhukhri

Indian National Congress

Bhupal Singh Bhati

Indian National Congress

Dr. Krishna Pandit

Indian National Congress

Subhash Chaudhry

Indian National Congress

Kailasho Saini

Indian National Congress

Anil Kumar Dhantori

Indian National Congress

Mandeep Singh Chatha

Indian National Congress

Lok Sabha elections are held every five years in order to elect the next Prime Minister of India. People vote for their preferred party and the candidate of the winning party goes on to represent the Prime Minister of our country. The Lok Sabha elections are also called general elections. The Lok Sabha has a maximum strength of 552 members, with two nominations by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian community. Twenty of the members are from union territories while 530 members are represented from the state.

Any party which manages at least 273 seats is considered victorious and is eligible to form the central government. The parties are at liberty to announce their prime ministerial candidate either before the elections or after the victory. The Prime Ministerial candidate is elected by the party officials.

The next Lok Sabha elections is has already been announced. The main contenders for Lok Sabha election 2019 are the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress(INC), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party(SP) and many other regional parties. Examining the political scenario of Indian general election 2019, BJP is clearly taking the lead as it has a stronghold in most of the states in the country. In addition, they have Narendra Modi, who has a huge country-wide appeal.

The State Election Commission was organised after the declaration of 73rd and 74th amendment to the Constitution of India. The objective was to create a democratic administration via the local bodies within the reach of common people for social and economic justice.

The State Election Commission of each state is vested with the powers of 'superintendence, direction and control' for the preparation of electoral rolls. The Commission is also responsible for conducting elections to the urban and rural local bodies namely City Corporations, City Municipal Corporations, Town Municipal Corporations, Town Panchayats, Zilla Panchayats, Taluk Panchayats and Gram Panchayats. Each state conducts the elections to the local bodies regularly in accordance with the provision of the Sate Acts and Rules.

According to the election rules of local, self-government bodies, district election officers for panchayat elections, district municipal election, officers for elections of municipality, and city election officers for the elections of municipal corporations are appointed for carrying out various activities related to the elections. But the delimitation and allocation of seats for all reserved categories, voter's list, election programmes are carried out by the State Election Commission only.

As per the directives of the Supreme Court of India where the ordained laws are silent or make inadequate provision to deal with a given situation in the conduct of elections, the Election Commission has the residual powers under the Constitution to act in a suitable manner. The same holds for the State Election Commissions also.

The Municipal Corporations are also known as Mahanagar Palikas or Mahanagar Nigams. Each corporation has a committee which consists of a Mayor and Councilors. Mayor is the head. The members of the Municipal Corporations are elected directly by the people for a term of five years. The seats are reserved for women, SC and ST. Nevertheless, the procedure for elections to various municipal bodies is not uniform as the municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the State.

The Zila Parishad stands at the peak of the three-tier system. The constitution of Zila Parishad is different in different states. The members of the Parishad are elected by universal adult Electoral College for a period of five years. It has minimum of 50 members and can have a maximum of 75 members. The Collector or Deputy Commissioner is also the member. There are reserved seats for women, SC and ST. The head of the Zila Parishad is the CEO.

It looks after all the work related to development in the district. All the welfare programmes are executed by the Parishad only. It also undertakes construction of roads, schools for children and other public buildings. It also encourages local industries.

Block elections are held every five years in order to elect the next Prime Minister of India. People vote for their preferred party and the candidate of the winning party goes on to represent the Prime Minister of our country. The Lok Sabha elections are also called general elections. The Lok Sabha has a maximum strength of 552 members, with two nominations by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian community. Twenty of the members are from union territories while 530 members are represented from the state.

Any party which manages at least 273 seats is considered victorious and is eligible to form the central government. The parties are at liberty to announce their prime ministerial candidate either before the elections or after the victory. The Prime Ministerial candidate is elected by the party officials.

The next Lok Sabha elections is has already been announced. The main contenders for Lok Sabha election 2019 are the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress(INC), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party(SP) and many other regional parties. Examining the political scenario of Indian general election 2019, BJP is clearly taking the lead as it has a stronghold in most of the states in the country. In addition, they have Narendra Modi, who has a huge country-wide appeal.

The Panchayat is the basic unit of the three-tier structure. It is an executive body of the village. People of the village directly elect the representatives of the village. People who are registered as voters and do not hold any office of profit under the government are eligible for the election to the Panchayat. The individuals who have any criminal record are not qualified to contest the elections. The Panchayat has an elected chairman, popularly known as Sarpanch. As a local body, the Panchayat is accountable to the general body of the village called Gram Sabha.

Functions of the Village Panchayat: The main functions of the village panchayat include maintenance of roads, wells, schools, public health, street lighting, libraries, reading rooms etc. The Panchayat also keeps records of births and deaths in the village. It also resolves the minor disputes among the people. It takes necessary measures for the promotion of agriculture and animal husbandry, cottage industries and so on.

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Seat Won Chart
  • BJP
  • INC
  • DMK
  • AITC
  • YSRCP
  • SHS
  • JDU
  • BSP
  • Other

The Municipal Corporations are also known as Mahanagar Palikas or Mahanagar Nigams. Each corporation has a committee which consists of a Mayor and Councilors. Mayor is the head. The members of the Municipal Corporations are elected directly by the people for a term of five years. The seats are reserved for women, SC and ST. Nevertheless, the procedure for elections to various municipal bodies is not uniform as the municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the State.

Lok Sabha 2019 Result

Vote Percentage
  • BJP
  • INC
  • DMK
  • AITC
  • YSRCP
  • SHS
  • JDU
  • BSP
  • Other